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Romanticism was an intellectual and artistic movement that originated in the second grand crossing of the 18 th century. It was a reactionary response against the scientific rationalisation of nature during romantic Enlightenment, commonly expressed in literature, music, painting and drama.
But it was not simply a response to the rationalism of the Enlightenment nature also a reaction against the material changes in society, which accompanied the emerging and expanding industrial capitalism in the late eighteenth romantic. In this transition production became centralised in the city.
The factory system of mass production was centred on processes that used and controlled natural forces such as water and wind, but also increased power by increasingly using fossil fuels. Cities expanded to unprecedented sizes, and grew into into centres of pollution, poverty and deprivation.
Population romanti from the land, and rational search for economically efficient production methods involving division of labour, timekeeping and mechanisation led, according to the Romantic Movement, to spiritual alienation of the masses from the land nagure nature. As Marx and Engels perceived it, they became units of production: cogs in an impersonal productive machine. People and nature were objectified, and reduced to commodity status. This was regarded as undesirable nature leading to the degradation of the humans.
It was also a way out of the fumes of the click the following article industrial centres for the new industrial rich.
Inspired the cru the works of romantic authors and poets such as Wordsworth, Keats romantic Shelly, they romantiv on the newly developed railways and travelled to the Lake District. Spoliation of a rpmantic natural landscape was regarded as undesirable and destructive.
Source: Wikimedia Commons. This image naturs probably one of the most famous romantic paintings. It illustrates the sublime, so popular with Romantic artists and associated with emotions of greatness and click on awe and terror. At the same time it shows the glories of nature and landscape that open up during long walks in the hills and mountains.
This theme features heavily in Nture Romantic literature and poetry. But the painting is also the very icon of the alienation from nature experience by urban dwellers of industrial ormantic. It depicts the wanderer as a stranger in nature, but at the same time nature a conqueror nature nature. The contradictions in this painting show the complexity of Romantic art. Shelach J. The use of documentary sources in environmental history.
Methods and problems in historical climatology. Article source past climates. The Origins of Nature Conservation in Britain. The Role of oral history in environmental history. Romanticism and nature. Except where otherwise noted, text, nature, podcasts and videos on this site are licensed romantic a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.
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